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Definitions for Smart Cities

    • The UK Department of Business, Innovation and Skills considers smart cities a process rather than as a static outcome, in which increased citizen engagement, hard infrastructure, social capital and digital technologies make cities more livable, resilient and better able to respond to challenges.
    • The British Standards Institute defines it as “the effective integration of physical, digital and human systems in the built environment to deliver sustainable, prosperous and inclusive future of its citizens”.
    • IBM defines a smart city as “one that makes optimal use of all the interconnected information available today to better understand and control its operations and optimize the use of limited resources”.
    • CISCO defines smart cities as those who adopt scalable solutions that take advantage of information and communications technology (ICT) ti increase efficiencies, reduce costs and enhance the quality of life”.
    • Wikipedia defines a city as Smart when investments in human and social capital and traditional (Transport) and modern (ICT) communications infrastructure fuel sustainable economic development and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory action and engagement (Caragliu et al, 2009)
    • Accenture defines it as “A Smart City delivers public and civic services to citizena nd businesses in an integrated and resource efficient may while enabling innovative collaborations to improve quality of life and grow the local and national economy”
    • What exactly is a ‘smart city’? A technical definition does not currently exist, but according to global growth consulting firm Frost & Sullivan, “Smart cities are an evolved state of urbanization where application of technology integrates diverse individual entities such as buildings, utilities, authorities, infrastructure and industries.”
    • In short, a smart city is one that uses information technology to solve urban problems.